Effects of Climate Change

The weather is a central part of our lives. It affects the food we grow, the water we use, where we live, what we do, and our health. So climate change can have many serious effects.

No one can know exactly what will happen in the future. But experts can use science to get a good idea of how the climate will change – if we continue to do things that make it happen, such as deforestation, using too much energy, and using poor farming practices.

How will the climate change in Kalimantan?

  1. Hotter and longer dry season, including heat waves
  2. Less rain in the dry season, with severe droughts
  3. More intense rain in the rainy season
  4. Rise in sea levels

Why does this matter?

FARMING Many people in Kalimantan depend on agriculture for food or money, whether they grow their own crops or work in a plantation.

Because of climate change …

  • Crop yields may not be as good. Some crops may fail. It will be harder to grow food.
  • Some land will no longer be good for farming. Farmers will find it harder to get food. Some people may have to move to another place.
  • People may start to fight over the good land.

FOREST Forest covers most of Kalimantan. Forests provide food, timber, and other products, such as rattan. Forests also help to prevent water pollution, and they stop soil from being washed away. Forests soak up rainfall in the wet season and release it in the dry season, so they help maintain the water supply. The forest is home to a wide range of animals, birds, plants, and insects; this biodiversity is important for the natural systems that make the environment function.

Because of climate change, the forest condition will worsen …

People will get less food and other products from the forest. People who sell forest products will make less money.

The forest will not be as good at regulating water flows or filtering water. There will be less water in the ground. Water quality will not be as good.

With less biodiversity, natural systems will be less effective. Crops will become weaker. They will be more likely to suffer from climate change, pests and diseases.

FISHERIES In Kalimantan, fisheries are important for making money and getting food. If there is less water and if the ocean gets warmer, there will be less fish. People who use fisheries will get less food and money.

DISEASES As it becomes hotter and wetter, human diseases such as malaria will spread more. Plant diseases also will spread, destroying crops.

COASTS Many areas in Kalimantan have long coastlines. As sea levels rise, the salt water may enter the land, damaging farms and ecosystems. Farmers may find it hard to grow food and make money.