Forest and Climate Change Mitigation

What is climate change mitigation?

Climate change is likely to have serious effects on our lives. But we can slow down climate change by changing what we do.

For example, if people conserve the forests or use cars less, the effects of climate change may not be so severe. When we try to reduce greenhouse gases, our actions are called “climate change mitigation”.

What do forests have to do with it?

The forests around us are important for our health, our livelihoods and our future. Forests keep our land, air and water healthy

Trees take carbon dioxide out of the air. They turn the carbon dioxide into oxygen and store the carbon inside them. This helps slow down climate change. The more trees there are, the more carbon they can take out of the air and store. Peat forests store even more carbon than other forests.

When we cut down trees, they can no longer take in carbon dioxide, and then there is too much carbon dioxide in the air. In addition, carbon is released into the air when trees are burned or decay, and when peat is drained or burned.

Clearing forests and burning peat are major contributors to climate change. We need to conserve the forests to protect our own future.

Climate change is happening because the air has too much greenhouse gas, such as carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gases come from vehicles, motors, factories, electricity, farms, clearing forests and burning

But what if we need to clear forests to make a living?

Many people believe they need to clear land to make money. People clear forest for many reasons:

  • To grow crops to eat or sell.
  • To make plantations, such as oil palm, coffee, cacao, rubber or sugarcane.
  • To start mining.
  • To build roads and towns

Sometimes, it might seem that these are the only ways to make money or get food. But it is possible to make a living while making a smaller contribution to climate change.