Peat is a special kind of soil: it is very deep, it contains many dead plants, and it is mostly water. Peat is very important for us. In particular, it is very important for dealing with climate change.
Indonesia has many peat swamp forests.
In many parts of Indonesia, there are plans to convert large parts of the peat forests to oil palm plantations. When peatlands are used for oil palm plantations, the water is drained, the trees are cut down, and the peat is dug up.
When peatland is destroyed, a lot of carbon is released into the atmosphere. This contributes to climate change. Climate change is already creating problems with the weather – and these effects will be worse without peat.